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The Czech Republic
Czechoslovakia was one of the countries-founders of JINR, and the Czech Republic is continuing to follow the international arrangements of this state. At the session of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the governments member states of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research of 16-17 March 1993, the letters of authority of the representatives of the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic were considered. According to the statements of the representatives of the governments of these Republics the Committee of Plenipotentiaries «recognizes the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic on the rights and duties as legal successors of the Czech and the Slovak Federal Republic as a JINR member, and since 1 January 1993 the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic are the JINR member states».
In the volume of participation in the JINR activity, amount of joint research and scientific and technical communication the Czech Republic, and earlier Czechoslovakia, has occupied and now occupies one of the leading places among the member states of JINR. An outstanding contribution to the development of the Institute was brought by the Czech scientists: Academicians J.Kozheshnik, V.Votruba, Professors I.Ulegla, J.Tuchek, C.Shimane, M.Gmitro, I.Wilhelm and others. The Czech scientists occupied high positions of vice-directors of the Institute, assistants to directors of the Laboratories, chiefs of departments and sectors: V.Votruba, V.Petrzhilka, C.Shimane, I.Zvara, M.Finger and others.
Many Czech physicists who once worked at JINR cooperate today with their colleagues from Dubna: J.Kvasil, S.Kozubek, A.Kugler, L.Majling, J.Pleshtil, I.Prohazka, I.Shtekl, P.Eksner, S.Pospishil Z.Janout and many others. As I.Ulegla has said: «the Joint Institute has helped to educate many experts of ours not only in actual nuclear physics or high and low energy physics, but also in mathematical, chemical and technical disciplines connected with problematics of nuclear physics in the theoretical and experimental context».
Many scientific problems which are being solved at the Institute, are studied in close cooperation with the laboratories of the JINR member states and vice versa: many problems which the laboratories of the member states undertake, are solved by means of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Speaking about the past, it would be desirable to notice that the basic physical facilities, such as, for example, the cyclotron U-120 and a microtrone have been developed in JINR and supplied to the Czech Republic. High qualification of the Czech scientists and engineers allows them to rank high among scientific personnel of JINR. Today there are 13 experts in the staff of the Institute from the Czech Republic, including Professor Richard Lednický, a vice-director of JINR.
Specialists from Czech institutions come for short-term visits to the JINR Laboratories to carry out joint research while JINR employees also regularly visit the Czech Republic to conduct joint research and participate in international conferences.
Many times the Czech Republic was a host and organizer of the JINR meetings, including traditional Schools and international conferences «Symmetry and spin» in Prague (the chairman of the organizing committee was Professor M.Finger). The first of them took place in JINR in 1975, and the last jubilee conference was in 2010 in Prague at the end of July and the beginning of August, with representative participation of about a hundred scientists from around the world. The contribution of Professor Finger to the development of long-term fruitful cooperation between the Czechoslovak and subsequently the Czech Institutes and Universities with JINR deserves highest appreciation.
A solemn meeting devoted to the 50th anniversary of the foundation date of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research was held in the Czech Republic. The chairman of the government of the Czech Republic made a speech at the meeting.
A seminar devoted to the 90th anniversary of the outstanding scientist Professor C.Simane – ex-vice-director of JINR, a long-term member of the Scientific Council from Czechoslovakia - took place in Rzhezh in May 2009. In 1973-1977 Professor C.Simane worked as a vice-director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna. He was also a chairman and a member of many professional and organizing committees and the advisory councils, in particular, in the field of nuclear physics and development of nuclear power, a member of the JINR Scientific Council, scientific councils of INP (Rzhezh), the faculty of technological and nuclear physics of the Czech Polytechnic Institute and the Czech Technical University in Prague. He was awarded with a commemorative JINR medal for the outstanding contribution to science and the Institute development.
The Czech Republic actively participates in the educational program – groups of Czech senior students regularly have practice in the Institute Laboratories; it became possible much due to the efforts by the deputy director of the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics of the Technical University in Prague, Professor I.Shtekla – former JINR staff-member. This is an important form of new cooperation. Cooperation with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research opens new possibilities for the Czech students. Recently the Center of Experimental Nuclear Astrophysics and Nuclear Physics has organized a new project for student training in Dubna. The Institute for Nuclear Physics, the Institute for Physics of Sluzsky University and the Czech Technical University are also included in the project.
At the present time practically all scientific research institutions in the field of nuclear physics in the Czech Republic cooperate with JINR, which provides not only modern experimental base, but also concentration of human and scientific potential. Thanks to the location in the Russian Federation, JINR opens a way to cooperation with other Russian scientific centers. Cooperation with JINR also opens a possibility for the Czech Republic to promote products of the Czech manufacturers at the world level.
A booklet devoted to cooperation between the Czech Republic and JINR "The Czech Republic and JINR. Long-Term Fruitful Cooperation and Future Prospects"
The responsible leader on contacts between JINR and the Czech Republic is Michael Grigorevich Itkis, JINR vice-director.
Phone: +7(49621) 64-157; 62-238 (secretary)
Scientists from the Czech Republic participate in research on 32 scientific themes of the Topical Plan for research and international cooperation of JINR for the year 2012:
A big group of employees from the Czech Republic under the direction of Miroslav Finger, Professor, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor of Mathematical and physical faculty of Charles University in Prague and a long-term employee of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, works on subjects of spin effects in hadron-nucleon and lepton-nucleon interactions on a theme «Studying of the polarizing phenomena and spin effects on the accelerating complex Nuclotron-M of JINR» which is headed by A.D. Kovalenko. Since 2002 a wide program of physical research in the field of studying of structure of a proton, a neutron and a deitron and in the field of precision hadron spectroscopy has been carried out on the set-up COMPASS. Participation in the project COMPASS at CERN today is a basic scientific task for the team of scientists guided by Professor M.Finger. Research in the field of the further development of electromagnetic calorimetry of the project СMS/LHC will be continued. For development of the further cooperation between the Czech Universities and Institutes and JINR the team high hopes are assigned to the accomplishmen of the JINR plans aimed at realization of the project NICA-Nuclotron-М, both in the field of relativistic nuclear physics, and in the field of spin experiments with polarized particles.
Vera Bradnova from the Czech Republic, head of a group at VBLHEP, participates in research of the processes of fragmentation, multifragmentation, search for displays of collective effects with photoemulsion kernels at various energies in the project BECQUEREL (leader P.I. Zarubin).
Head of another JINR project NN & GDN is Alojs Kovalik – head of the national group of the Czech employees at the Institute. Now together with J.A.Usov a new project is prepared and it was considered and approved by the JINR Programme Advisory Committee.
One of the heads of the STAR project on RHIC and the theme «Research of properties of nuclear matter and structure of particles on a collider of relativistic nuclei and polarised protons» is Doctor of Physics and Mathematics Richard Lednický who is now JINR vice-director. Since 1969 up to the present day the professional and scientific career of R. Lednický has been connected with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research. Prof. Lednitský's basic scientific interests are connected with experimental and theoretical elementary particles physics, research of multiple production of particles, spin effects, measurement and quantum chromodynamics –analysis of structural functions of nucleons.
At present, JINR actively cooperates with the following organizations of the Czech Republic:
Since 1993 up to the present time Professor Rostislav Mach, head of the Department of Radiating Medicine of the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has been Plenipotentiary of the government of the Czech Republic in JINR. http://www.ujf.cas.cz/
Rostislav Mach was born on 30 September 1943. Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of the Department of Radiation Medicine of the Nuclear Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. He graduated from the faculty of technical and nuclear physics of the Czech Technical University in the speciality “nuclear physics”. He defended his Candidate thesis at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna (JINR), the doctorate thesis (DrSc.) - at Mathematical and Physical faculty of Charles University.
Main scientific achievements
The subject of the main scientific research is interaction of mesons with nucleus. Earlier he studied transmutation of nuclear waste with use of undercritical reactor. Now he is working mostly on research and manufacturing of radio pharmaceutical preparations. He teaches at the faculty of nuclear and engineering physics of the Czech Technical University. Rostislav Mach represents the Czech Republic in the international organizations: JINR, Dubna; Agency on nuclear energy Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD and Evratom.
Professor Ivan Wilhelm, before 2006 – rector of Charles University, a member of the Governmental Council on science and development – has been a member of the JINR Scientific Council for many years. http://www.cvutmedialab.cz/
Ivan Wilhelm was born on 1 May 1942. He graduated from the faculty of technical and nuclear physics of the Technical University in 1964. In 1972 he became a senior lecturer; in 1999 he was elected professor of experimental physics. After the Institute he worked in the Czech Technical University. From 1967 till 1970 Ivan Wilhelm worked at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna. From 1990 till 1994 he was director of the Nuclear center of mathematical and physical faculty of Charles University. In 1994-2000 he worked as a pro-rector and a vice-president of Charles University, then the chairman of the Council of High Schools. From 2000 till 2006 he worked as the rector of Charles University; besides, he was elected chairman of the Czech conference of rectors. Throughout many years he held the post of chairman of the Programme INGO at the Ministry of Education, and then the post of Chairman of the Programme Council. Candidate of physics and mathematics, Professor, member of the JINR Scientific Council since 1993, now co-chairman of the Scientific Council.
Professor Ivan Wilhelm is an Honorary Doctor of the University of Claude Bernard in Lyons and Comenius University in Bratislava.
Main scientific achievements
Professor Wilhelm works in the field of experimental nuclear physics and elementary particle physics; he is an author and a co-author of about hundred scientific publications. He has participated in numerous conferences, has been invited to give lectures at many Universities abroad. He is a member of the Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in CERN (Geneva) and a member of the Committee on coordination of the Czech Republic in JINR, Dubna, where he is also the chairman of the Scientific Council. He worked at the committee of Association of the European Universities, and he is a member of the International Association of Universities. He is a member of the Assembly of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and a constant visitor of the Council on scientific research and development at the Government. Professor Wilhelm is an honorary doctor of the University of Claude Bernard in Lyons and Comenius University in Bratislava.
For the years of existence of JINR the traditions in national groups, forms of co-operation, interaction of groups were developed. An organizing role in life of the national groups is carried out by their heads appointed by the plenipotentiaries of the corresponded JINR member states.
Many JINR staff members who come from the member states, do not speak Russian. Groups for studying Russian are organized for such employees at the Institute. The heads of the national groups help them with it.
Head of the national group of the Czech Republic is Alois Kovalik, Doctor of physics and mathematics, since 2009 a deputy director of the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems.
Phone: +7(49621) 65-895;
Deputy head of the national group is Vera Bradnova, group leader of the Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics.
Phone: +7(49621) 63-088;
The above mentioned persons support contacts with the Plenipotentiaries, Embassies of the member states, Directorate and services of the JINR management, take part in solution of the issues connected with the stay of their colleagues-compatriots and members of their families in Russia, and organization of their life and leisure. Now 13 Czech experts are employees of the Institute. Council of the heads of the national groups periodically meet, the representatives of the Directorate and the Institute services are also invited to the meetings to discuss the problems that interest the employees from the member states, and the management has an opportunity to make decisions in time.
The national groups arrange receptions on the main state holidays of the member countries. Art exhibitions, photo-exhibitions are usually dated for these days that allow learning more about the member states, their people and culture.
The public holidays in the Czech Republic are:
Embassy of the Czech Republic in the Russian Federation
|Address:||16000, Prague 6 district in Prague, Pod kaštany 1 in the Bubeneč
Embassy of the Russian Federation in the Czech Republic
|Phone:||+810(420) 233 374 100; 233 371 545|
|Fax:||+810(420)233 377 235|